Dating in libya
By the 5th century BC, the greatest of the Phoenician colonies, Carthage, had extended its hegemony across much of North Africa, where a distinctive civilization, known as Punic, came into being.
In 630 BC, the ancient Greeks colonized Eastern Libya and founded the city of Cyrene.
In 525 BC the Persian army of Cambyses II overran Cyrenaica, which for the next two centuries remained under Persian or Egyptian rule.
Alexander the Great was greeted by the Greeks when he entered Cyrenaica in 331 BC, and Eastern Libya again fell under the control of the Greeks, this time as part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom.
It is a member of the United Nations since 1955, the Non-Aligned Movement, Arab League, OIC, and OPEC.
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The earliest known name of such a tribe is that of the Garamantes, who were based in Germa.
The Phoenicians were the first to establish trading posts in Libya.
The Latin name Libya (from Greek Λιβύη, Libyē) referred to the region west of the Nile generally corresponding to its central location in North Africa historically visited by many mediterranean cultures which referred to its original inhabitants as the "Libúē." The name Libya ( It was intended to supplant terms applied to Ottoman Tripolitania, the coastal region of what is today Libya having been ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1551 to 1911, as the Eyalet of Tripolitania.
The name "Libya" was brought back into use in 1903 by Italian geographer Federico Minutilli.